Journey to Justice

page 3

School Desegregation

Klarman, M. J., From Jim Crow to civil rights: the Supreme Court and the struggle for racial equality, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004)

Patterson, J. T., Brown v. Board of Education: a civil rights milestone and its troubled legacy, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)

Wilkinson, J. H., From Brown to Bakke: the Supreme Court and school integration, 1954-1978, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979)

Brown vs Board of Education, (1954), Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-brown.html

Overview of the Brown ruling, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_brown_v_board_of_education_of_topeka_kansas_347_us_483_1954_349_us_294_/

‘WSB-TV newsfilm clip of demonstrators protesting against de facto school segregation and of African American leaders Malcolm X and Adam Clayton Powell speaking in favor of the school boycott in New York City, New York,’ 16 March 1964, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/do:ugabma_wsbn_36360

‘A Child Shall Lead them’, Two Days in September 1957: The desegregation of Nashville Public Schools, http://achildshallleadthem.org/The_Story_1.html

Links to resources relating to school desegregation, Civil Rights Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/crmlinks.htm#lnkcrmschools

Links to resources relating to school desegregation, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/topics/school_desegregation/

Brown vs Board of Education, University of Michigan Library Digital Archive, http://www.lib.umich.edu/brown-versus-board-education/

Ruby Bridges

Baker, L., The second battle of New Orleans: the hundred-year struggle to integrate the schools, (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1996)

Bankston, C. L., and S. J. Caldas, A troubled dream: the promise and failure of school desegregation in Louisiana, (Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2002)

Bridges, R., Through my eyes, (New York: Scholastic Press, 1999)

Fairclough, A., Race & democracy: the civil rights struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972, (Athens: 1995)

Ruby Bridges, http://www.rubybridges.com/index.html

Biography of Ruby Bridges, National Women’s History Museum, https://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biography/biographies/ruby-bridges/

Images of William Frantz Elementary School integration, The Times-Picayune, http://www.nola.com/175years/index.ssf/2011/12/1960_ruby_bridges_integrated_w.html

‘New Orleans Lifts Ban on Racial Discrimination’, The Spokesman-Review, 15 November 1960, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=eDJWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=iecDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4951,5340814&dq=new+orleans+william+frantz&hl=en

‘Ruby Bridges, Rockwell Muse, Goes Back to School’, Video footage and interview with Bridges, CBS, http://www.cbsnews.com/news/ruby-bridges-rockwell-muse-goes-back-to-school/

Brief overview and list of resources relating to New Orleans School Integration, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/new_orleans_integration/?Welcome

Transcript of an interview with Ruby Bridges, 18 February 1997, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/social_issues-jan-june97-bridges_2-18/

Bridges, R., ’50 years later, I’m still trying to integrate my school’, Washington Post, 14 November 2010, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/12/AR2010111202878.html

 

Little Rock Central High

Butler, T. R., Lessons from Little Rock, (Center for Arkansas Studies, 2009)

Counts, W., et.al, Life Is More than a Moment: The Desegregation of Little Rock’s Central High, (Indiana University Press, 1999)

Bates, D., The Long Shadow of Little Rock: A Memoir, (University of Arkansas Press, 1987)

Lanier, C. W., and L. Frazier, A Mighty Long Way: My Journey to Justice at Little Rock Central High School, (Ballantine, 2009)

Jacoway, E. And C. F. Williams, (eds), Understanding the Little Rock Crisis: An Exercise in Remembrance and Reconciliation, (University of Arkansas Press, 1999)

Beals, M. P., Warriors Don’t Cry: A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate Little Rock’s Central High, (Pocket Books, 1994)

Civil Rights: Little Rock School Integration Crisis, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/research/online_documents/civil_rights_little_rock.html

Overview of the Little Rock Crisis, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_little_rock_school_desegregation_1957/

List of resources relating to the Little Rock Crisis, Civil Rights Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/crmlinks.htm#lnkcrmlittlerock

Brief overview and links to resources relating to the Little Rock integration crisis, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/little_rock_integration/

James Meredith

Doyle, W., An American Insurrection: James Meredith and the Battle of Oxford, Mississippi, 1962, (Anchor, 2003)

Lambert, F., The Battle of Ole Miss: Civil Rights v. States’ Rights, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)

Meredith, J. H., and W. Doyle, A mission from God: a memoir and challenge for America, (New York: Atria Books, 2012)

Meredith, J. H., Three Years in Mississippi, (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1966)

Silver, J. W., Mississippi: the closed society, (Jackson: University of Mississippi Press [1966], 2012)

Overview of Meredith’s enrolment at the University of Mississippi, Civil Rights Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis62.htm#1962olmiss

Ole Miss: 40 years later, NPR, http://www.npr.org/news/specials/olemiss/

Overview and list of resources relating to the Ole Miss integration crisis, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/ole_miss_integration/

James H. Meredith Oral History Interview, 7 July 1967, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/Archives/JFKOH-JHM-01.aspx

‘Integration at Ole Miss’, Burke Marshall Personal Papers, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/Archives/BMPP-020-005.aspx

Biography of James Meredith, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_meredith_james_howard_1933/

White Resistance

Bartley, N. V., The rise of massive resistance, (Baton Rouge: 1974)

Chalmers, D. M., Backfire: how the Ku Klux Klan helped the civil rights movement, (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003)

Chalmers, D. M., Hooded Americanism: The history of the Ku Klux Klan, (New York: 1981)

Katagiri, Y., The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission: civil rights and states’ rights, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2001)

McMillen, N., The Citizens’ Council: Organised resistance to the second reconstruction, 1954-1964, (Urbana: 1971)

Webb, C., (ed.), Massive resistance: southern opposition to the second reconstruction, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005)

Citizens’ Council Collection, University of Mississippi http://clio.lib.olemiss.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/citizens

Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission Online, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, http://mdah.state.ms.us/arrec/digital_archives/sovcom/

The Citizen’s Council: the Official Paper of the Citizen’s Council, http://www.citizenscouncils.com/

List of resources relating to white resistance, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/topics/white_resistance/

Massive Resistance, Virginia Historical Society, http://www.vahistorical.org/collections-and-resources/virginia-history-explorer/civil-rights-movement-virginia/massive

Biography and links to resources relating to Judge Thomas P. Brady, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/people/b/brady_thomas_p_1903_1973/

‘Review of Judge Tom P. Brady’s Black Monday’, William D. McCain Pamphlet collection, University of Southern Mississippi Digital Collections, http://digilib.usm.edu/cdm/ref/collection/manu/id/1778

Mississippi Freedom Summer

Anderson Todd, L., For a Voice and the Vote, My Journey with the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2014)

Belfrage, S., Freedom Summer, (New York: Viking Press, 1965)

Burner, E., And gently he shall lead them: Robert Parris Moses and civil rights in Mississippi, (New York: New York University Press, 1994)

Dittmer, J., Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994)

Dray, P., and S. Cagin, We Are Not Afraid: The Story of and the Civil Rights Campaign for Mississippi, (Bantan Books, 1988)

Henry, A., and C. Curry, Aaron Henry: The Fire Ever Burning, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2000)

Holt, L., The Summer That Didn’t End, (New York: William Morrow, 1965)

Johnson, J., (ed.), Finding Freedom: Memorializing the Voice of Freedom Summer, (Miami: Miami University Press, 2013)

Martinez, E. S., Letters from Mississippi, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965)

McAdam, D., Freedom Summer, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988)

McCord, W. M., Mississippi: The Long, Hot Summer, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1965)

Mills, N., Like a Holy Crusade: Mississippi, 1964, (Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1992)

http://freedom50.org/moses/     Bob Moses

Parker, F. R., Turning Point: The 1964 Mississippi Freedom Summer, (Washington DC: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, 1994)

Payne, C. M., I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995)

Rothschild, M. A., A Case of Black and White: Northern Volunteers and the Southern Freedom Summers, 1964-1965, (Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1982)

Freedom Summer Digital Collection, Wisconsin Historical Society http://content.wisconsinhistory.org/cdm/landingpage/collection/p15932coll2

Brief overview and list of resources relating to Freedom Summer, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/freedom_summer/

Overview of Freedom Summer, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_freedom_summer_1964/

Overview of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_mississippi_freedom_democratic_party/

Articles relating to the murder of Michael Schwerner, James Chaney and Andrew Goodman, Civil Rights Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/crmlinks.htm#lnkcrmcsg

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Albert, Peter J., and Ronald Hoffman, We Shall Overcome: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Black Freedom Struggle, (New York: Da Capo Press, 1993)

Baldwin, Lewis V., The Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Boundaries of Law, Politics, and Religion, (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2002)

Baldwin, Lewis V., Toward the Beloved Community: Martin Luther King, Jr., and South Africa, (Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press, 1995)

Branch, Taylor, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954–63, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988)

Branch, Taylor, Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years 1963–1965, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998)

Branch, Taylor, At Canaan’s Edge: America in the King Years 1965-1968, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006)

Burrow, Rufus, A Child Shall Lead Them: Martin Luther King Jr., Young People, and the Movement, (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2014)

Carson, Clayborne, Martin’s Dream: My Journey and the Legacy of Martin Luther King Jr.: a Memoir, (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)

Fairclough, A., To redeem the soul of America: the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr., (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1987)

Farris, Christine King, Through it All: Reflections On My Life, My Family, and My Faith, (1st Atria Books hardcover ed. New York: Atria Books, 2009)

Garrow, David J., Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, (New York: Vintage Books, 1988)

Garrow, David J., The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr.: From “SOLO” to Memphis, (New York: W.W. Norton, 1981)

Hansen, Drew D., The Dream: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Speech That Inspired a Nation, (New York: Ecco, 2003)

Harding, Vincent., Martin Luther King: The Inconvenient Hero, (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1996)

Herron, Matt, Mississippi Eyes: The Story and Photography of the Southern Documentary Project, (San Rafael: Talking Fingers Publications, 2014)

Honey, Michael K., Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign, (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2007)

Ivory, Luther D., Toward a Theology of Radical Involvement: The Theological Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr., (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1997)

Jackson, Thomas F., From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007)

Jones, Clarence B., and Stuart Connelly, Behind the Dream: The Making of the Speech That Transformed a Nation, (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

Kelen, Leslie G., ed., This Light of Ours: Activist Photographers of the Civil Rights Movement, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012)

King, Coretta Scott, My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr., (New York: Henry Holt, 1993)

King, Dexter Scott, Growing Up King: An Intimate Memoir, (New York: Warner Books, 2003)

King, Martin Luther, Jr., Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story, (New York: Harper, 1958)

King, Martin Luther, Jr., Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1968)

King, Martin Luther, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait, (New York: Harper & Row, 1964)

King, Mary E., Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Power of Nonviolent Action, (Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 1999)

Lewis, David L., King: A Critical Biography, (New York: Praeger, 1970)

Lischer, Richard, The Preacher King: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Word That Moved America, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995)

McKnight, Gerald, The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People’s Campaign, (Boulder: Westview Press, 1998)

Miller, Keith D., Martin Luther King’s Biblical Epic: His Final, Great Speech, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012)

Miller, Keith, Voice of Deliverance: The Language of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Its Sources, (New York: The Free Press, 1992)

Smiley, Tavis, and David Ritz, Death of a King: The Real Story of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Final Year, (New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2014)

Reddick, L. D., Crusader without Violence: a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., (Chicago: 1968)

Sundquist, Eric J., King’s Dream, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009)

Washington, James M., ed., A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr., (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986)

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/ (including primary sources https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/king-resources/documents and an encyclopaedia http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia_contents and a chronology http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/chronology_contents)

The King Center, http://www.thekingcenter.org/

Martin Luther King, Jr., assassination investigation, Shelby County Register of Deeds, http://register.shelby.tn.us/media/mlk/index.php?album=Ray+PDC+Folder

FBI files on Martin Luther King, Jr., FBI Vault, http://vault.fbi.gov/Martin%20Luther%20King,%20Jr.

List of primary sources relating to Martin Luther King, Jr., Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/people/k/king_martin_luther_jr_1929_1968/

 

Black Power Movement

Carmichael, S., and C. V. Hamilton, Black power: the politics of liberation in America, (New York: Random House, 1967)

Jeffries, H. K., Bloody Lowndes: Civil Rights and Black Power in Alabama’s Black Belt, (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

Joseph, P. E., Dark Days, bright nights: from Black Power to Barack Obama, (New York: Basic Civitas, 2010)

Joseph, P. E., The Black power movement: rethinking the civil rights-Black power era, (New York: Routledge, 2006)

Ogbar, J. O. G., Black power: radical politics and African American identity, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004)

Tyson, T. B., Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams and the roots of Black power, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999)

Van Deburg, W. L., New day in Babylon: the Black power movement and American culture, 1965-1975, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992)

Black Power biography, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_black_power/

‘Black Power Articles by Freedom Movement Veterans’, Civil Rights Movement veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/info/bpwrhome.htm

Malcolm X

Gibson, D. M., A history of the Nation of Islam: race, Islam, and the quest for freedom, (Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2012)

Malcolm X, with A. Haley, The autobiography of Malcolm X, (New York: Ballantine Books, 1992)

Marable, M., Malcolm X: a life of reinvention, (New York: Viking, 2011)

Brother Malcolm, http://www.brothermalcolm.net/

Chronology of key moments in the life of Malcolm X, Malcolm X official website, http://malcolmx.com/chronology/

Malcolm X biography, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_malcolm_x_1925_1965/

Letter from Malcolm X to Martin Luther King, Jr., 31 July 1963, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/documentsentry/letter_from_king_to_malcolm_x/

FBI files on Malcolm X, FBI Vault, http://vault.fbi.gov/Malcolm%20X

FBI Files of the Nation of Islam, FBI Vault, http://vault.fbi.gov/Nation%20of%20Islam

‘WSB-TV news film clip of Malcolm X condemning the federal government for not protecting African commenting on violence in Birmingham, Alabama’, 16 May 1963, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/do:ugabma_wsbn_36514

‘WSB-TV news film clip of demonstrators protesting against de facto school segregation and of African American leaders Malcolm X and Adam Clayton Powell speaking in favor of the school boycott in New York City, New York,’ 16 March 1964, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/do:ugabma_wsbn_36360

‘Malcolm X: Make it Plain’, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/malcolmx/

Stokely Carmichael

Carmichael, S., with M. Thelwell, Ready for revolution: the life and struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture), (New York: Scribner, 2003)

Carmichael, S., Stokely Speaks: From Black Power to Pan-Africanism, (New York: Random House, 1971)

Joseph, P. E., Stokely: a life, (New York: Basic Civitas, 2014)

FBI files on Stokely Carmichael, FBI Vault, http://vault.fbi.gov/Stokely%20Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael address at University of California, Berkley, October 1966, American Rhetoric, http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/stokelycarmichaelblackpower.html

Brief biography and list of resources relating to Stokely Carmichael, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/people/c/carmichael_stokely/

Black Panther Party

Newton, Huey P., Revolutionary suicide, (New York: Penguin Books, [2009] 1974)

‘October 1966 Black Panther Party Platform and Program’, The Sixties Project, http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Resources/Primary/Manifestos/Panther_platform.html

‘A Huey P. Newton Story’, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/hueypnewton/

‘WSB-TV newsfilm clip of Huey Newton commenting on the possibility of moving the Black Panther Party headquarters to Atlanta, Georgia’, 8 September 1971, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/do:ugabma_wsbn_38203

‘How the Black Panther Party Was Organized, Speech by John Hulet (Chairman, Lowndes County Freedom Organization), May, 1966, Civil Rights Movement Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/info/hulet1.htm

List of resources on the Black Panther Party, Tufts University Research Guide, http://researchguides.library.tufts.edu/content.php?pid=94602&sid=707244

FBI files on the Black Panther Party, FBI Vault, http://vault.fbi.gov/Black%20Panther%20Party%20

Social Activism Sound Recording Project: The Black Panther Party, UC Berkeley Library, http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/pacificapanthers.html

Seattle Black Panther Party History and Memory Project, Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project, University of Washington, http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/BPP.htm

Sit-in Movement

Chafe, W. H., Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina and the Black Struggle for Freedom, (New York: 1981)

Garrow, D. J., Atlanta, Georgia, 1960-1961: sit-ins and student activism, (Brooklyn: Carlson, 1989)

McCleave, M. P., Hunger pains in our heads: the story of the non-violent student sit-in movement and the Black struggle for equality, (Birmingham, Alabama: Tavine’ra Publishing, 2008)

Oppenheimer, M., The Sit-In Movement of 1960, (Carlson Publishing: 1989)

Brief overview and links to primary sources relating to the Atlanta sit-ins, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/sit_ins_atlanta_ga/

Brief overview and links to primary sources relating to the Nashville sit-in movement, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/events/sit_ins_nashville_tn/

Links to resources relating to the sit-ins, Civil Rights Movement Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/crmlinks.htm#lnkcrmsitin

‘Sit-Ins: the Students Report’, CORE Pamphlet, May 1960, Civil Rights Movement Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/docs/sitin/sithome.htm

Overview of the sit-ins of 1960, from “History and Timeline”, Civil Rights Movement Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/info/sitins.pdf

‘Nashville Sit-ins’, Tennessee4me, Tennessee State Museum, http://www.tn4me.org/minor_cat.cfm/minor_id/31/major_id/11/era_id/8

Greensboro sit-ins website, http://www.sitins.com/index.shtml

Civil Rights Greensboro (digital archive of primary sources and oral histories), University of North Carolina Greensboro – Digital Collections, http://libcdm1.uncg.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/CivilRights

Ronald Martin, Robert Patterson, and Mark Martin stage sit-down strike after being refused service at a F.W. Woolworth luncheon counter, Greensboro, Library of Congress, Digital ID: ppmsca 08095, http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.08095

WSB-TV newsfilm clip of response to the African American civil rights demonstrations in Greensboro, North Carolina, February 1960, Civil Rights Digital Library, University of Georgia, http://crdl.usg.edu/do:ugabma_wsbn_33562

International Civil Rights Center and Museum, http://www.sitinmovement.org/history/civil-rights-movement.asp

An Ordinary Hero: The True Story of Joan Trumpauer Mulholland  https://anordinaryhero.com

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Berg, M., The ticket to freedom: the NAACP and the struggle for Black Political integration, (University Press of Florida, Gainesville: 2005)

Bernstein, P., The first Waco Horror: the lynching of Jesse Washington and the rise of the NAACP, (Texas A & M University Press, College Station: 2005)

Bynum, T. L., NAACP Youth and the fight for black freedom, 1936-1965, (University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville: 2013)

Hughes, L., Fight for freedom: The story of the NAACP, (Norton, New York: 1962)

Janken, K. R., White: The biography of Walter White, Mr. NAACP, (New Press, New York: 2003)

Jonas, G., Freedom’s Sword: the NAACP and the struggle against racism in America, 1909-1969 (Routledge, New York: 2005)

Kellogg, C. F., NAACP: A history of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: Vol. 1., 1909–1920, (Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore: 1967)

Miller, C. C., Roy Wilkins: leader of the NAACP, (Morgan Reynolds, Greensboro: 2005)

Ovington, M. W., and R. Luker, Black and white sat down together: the reminiscences of an NAACP founder, (Feminist Press at the City University of New York, New York: 1995)

Pitre, M., In the struggle against Jim Crow: Lulu B. White and the NAACP, 1900–1957, (Texas A & M University Press, College Station: 1999)

Reed, C. R., The Chicago NAACP and the rise of Black professional leadership, 1910-1966, (Indiana University Press: Bloomington: 1997)

Ryan, Y., Roy Wilkins: the quiet revolutionary and the NAACP, (University Press of Kentucky, Lexington: 2014)

Sartain, L., and K. Verney (eds), Long is the way and hard: one hundred years of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), (University of Arkansas Press: Fayetteville: 2009)

Sartain, L., Borders of equality: the NAACP and the Baltimore civil rights struggle, 1914-1970, (University Press of Mississippi, Jackson: 2013)

St. James, W., NAACP: Triumphs of a pressure group 1909–1980, (New York: 1980)

Sullivan, P., Lift every voice: the NAACP and the making of the civil rights movement, (New Press, New York: 2009)

Wedin, C., Inheritors of the spirit: Mary White Ovington and the founding of the NAACP, (Wiley, New York: 1998)

Wilson, S. K., In search of democracy: the NAACP writings of James Weldon Johnson, Walter White and Roy Wilkins, (1920-1977), (Oxford University Press, New York: 1999)

Brief history of the NAACP, http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-history

Brief overview of the NAACP, King Encyclopaedia, The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, Stanford University, http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_national_association_for_the_advancement_of_colored_people_naacp1/

The Crisis Magazine, Official Publication of the NAACP (on GoogleBooks), http://books.google.co.uk/books/about/The_Crisis.html?id=-EIEAAAAMBAJ

NAACP Documents, Civil Rights Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/docs/orgsdocs.htm#docsnaacp

 

Women in the movement

Crawford, V. L., J. A. Rouse and B. Woods, (eds), Women in the civil rights movement: trailblazers and torchbearers, 1941-1965, (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993)

Curry, C., (ed.), Deep in Our Hearts, Nine White Women in the Freedom Movement, (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000)

Gibson Robinson, J. A., and D. J. Garrow, The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women who started it: The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson, (Knoville: University of Tennessee Press, 1987)

Houck, D. W., and D. E. Dixon, Women and the civil rights movement, 1954-1965, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009)

Little, K. K., You must be from the North: Southern white women in the Memphis civil rights movement, (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009)

Olson, L., Freedom’s daughters: the unsung heroines of the civil rights movement from 1830-1970, (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002)

Robnett, B., How long? How long?: African-American women in the struggle for civil rights, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997)

Sartain, L., Invisible activists: women of the Louisiana NAACP and the struggle for civil rights, 1915-1945, (Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge: 2007)

General Histories of the Movement:

Carson, C., The Eyes on the prize: civil rights reader: documents, speeches, and firsthand accounts from the Black freedom struggle, 1954-1990, (New York, 1991)

Dittmer, J., and D. L. McGuire, Freedom rights: new perspectives on the civil rights movement, (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2011)

Dittmer, J., Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi, (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994)

Eagles, C. W., (ed.), The Civil Rights Movement in America, (Jackson: 1986)

Fairclough, A., Better day coming: Blacks and Equality, 1890-2000, (New York, 2001)

Fairclough, A., Race & democracy: the civil rights struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972, (Athens: 1995)

Hampton, H., S. Fayer, S. Flynn, Voices of freedom: an oral history of the civil rights movement from the 1950s through the 1980s, (New York, 1990)

Lawson, S. F., and C. M. Payne, Debating the Civil Rights Movement, 1945-1968, (Lanham: Littlefield Rowman, 1998)

Lyon, D., Memories of the Southern Civil Rights Movement, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992)

MacAdam, D., and K. Kloos, Deeply Divided: Racial Politics and Social Movements in Postwar America (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Payne, C. M., I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995)

Riches, W. T., The Civil Rights Movement: Struggle and Resistance, (Basingstoke, 3rd edition, 2011)

Transcripts of the PBS Documentary Eyes on the Prize, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/about/pt.html

Tuck, S. G. N., Beyond Atlanta: the struggle for racial equality in Georgia, 1940-1980, (Athens, 2001)

Tuck, S. G. N., We ain’t what we ought to be: the Black freedom struggle, from emancipation to Obama, (Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010)

Weisbrot, R., Freedom bound: a history of America’s civil rights movement, (New York: Norton, 1990)

Williams, J., Eyes on the prize: America’s civil rights years, 1954-1965, (New York: Viking, 1987)

Wofford, H., Of Kennedy and Kings: Making Sense of the Sixties, (New York: 1980)

Young, Andrew, An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America, (New York: HarperCollins, 1996)

Overview of the Civil Rights Era, 1954-1975, Amistad Digital Resource, http://www.amistadresource.org/civil_rights_era/

Digital Archive Repositories

Unsung Foot Soldiers of the Civil Rights Movement, University of Georgia, http://www.footsoldier.uga.edu/index.html

Birmingham Public Library, Digital Collections http://www.bplonline.org/resources/Digital_Project/default.asp

Civil Rights Digital Library (University of Georgia) http://crdl.usg.edu/

Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive (University of Southern Mississippi) http://digilib.usm.edu/crmda.php

Amistad Research Centre http://www.amistadresearchcenter.org/

Civil Rights Archive (University of Mississippi) http://clio.lib.olemiss.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/civ_rights

FBI Records: Civil Rights, http://vault.fbi.gov/civil-rights

Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement (National Park Services) http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/civilrights/index.htm

Civil Rights Movement Veterans (Tougaloo College) http://www.crmvet.org/

National Civil Rights Museum http://civilrightsmuseum.org/

“Without Sanctuary” (Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America) http://withoutsanctuary.org/

Center for Digital Story Telling, http://storycenter.org/

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute Resource Center Gallery, http://rg.bcri.org/gallery/

The Whole World was Watching: an oral history of 1968 http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/1968/

Eyes on the Prize, (PBS includes transcripts of the programme) http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/

Civil Rights Documentation Project http://www.usm.edu/crdp/index.html

‘Powerful Days in Black and White’ http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/features/moore/mooreIndex.shtml

Black Past, http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/101-african-american-firsts

Southern Freedom Movement Web Links, Civil Rights Movement Veterans, http://www.crmvet.org/crmlinks.htm

The Walter J. Brown Media Archives Peabody Awards Collection, University of Georgia, http://www.libs.uga.edu/media/

Alabama Department of Archives and History, http://www.archives.alabama.gov

Mississippi Department of Archives and History, http://mdah.state.ms.us/new/

Georgia Department of Archives and History, http://georgiaarchives.org/

Birmingham Public Library Digital Collections, http://www.bplonline.org/resources/digital_project/

Digital Library of Georgia, http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/?Welcome

Documenting the American South, http://docsouth.unc.edu/

Some US-UK links (more to come)

Gary Younge on the Wales Window – created by John Petts and paid for by ‘the people of Wales’ in memory of the four little girls murdered by a KKK bomb in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963:

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/mar/06/racist-attack-alabama-1963-gary-younge

The Bristol bus boycott, 1963:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-23795655

 Tamla Motown Tour of the UK, 1965

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/dancing-in-the-streets-of-britain-530673.html